This item has original tags and shows no visible signs of wear.
Dramatic cutouts and a metallic stiletto heel extend the scene-stealing glamour of an open-toe Italian pump.
o 3 1/2" heel; 100mm pitch.
o Leather and suede upper/leather lining and sole.
o By Jimmy Choo; made in Italy.
We try to sell items fast so we often have sales or lower prices. If you want to be informed when this happens please follow our store here on Tradesy by clicking the "+ Follow" button next to my store (Anne Authentic) name, and also "heart" or like any item you are interested in, so that when we do lower the price you will be informed. We want all our customers to love their purchases from us so if you have any questions or need more information please ask.
Responds within: 24 hrsAsk a Question
EU 38.5 (Approx. US 8.5)
Tarine Black Suede Gold Leather Strappy Sandals
Regular (M, B)
Jimmy Choo Pumps Formal Strappy Party Dressy Metallic
Many discussions about safety-net programs tend to focus on financial cliffs—how the impact of getting a raise or working additional hours may make participants ineligible for the very benefits they need to move into economic stability. Marriage is rarely part of this discussion, even though numerous studies show marriage is an important tool for moving families out of poverty.1 That marriage is often absent from these discussions is especially ironic, since the promotion of family stability—by encouraging marriage and discouraging nonmarital births—was among the chief policy rationales for welfare reform in 1996.
After reviewing research stressing the importance of eliminating marriage penalties, we developed and successfully advocated for legislation that would create a “honeymoon” period for newly-married couples receiving assistance through Minnesota’s version of Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF). The legislation (HF 1453/SF 1165) received strong bipartisan support and was enacted by a Republican Legislature and Democratic Governor Mark Dayton in 2017. In our view, it represents the bi-partisan possibilities of enacting legislation based on the consensus that marriage is a vital tool for reducing poverty and fostering child well-being.
Crafting a Policy
Minnesota’s version of TANF is the Minnesota Family Investment Program (MFIP), which provides work support and cash assistance for children and their parents, who are often low wage workers between jobs. There has been no increase in the amount of the cash benefit to participants in over 30 years. Both of our organizations were involved in advocating for an increase.
As we talked with people of faith across our state, especially religious leaders, we kept hearing about couples who wanted to be married but couldn’t afford to make this decision because adding another adult to the family’s income would put them over the poverty threshold used to determine eligibility.2 The concerns were often strongest for couples expecting a baby who wished to be married before birth of their child. Unfortunately, marriage would result in a loss of benefits at the exact time the new mother would be unable to work. We sought to address this marriage disincentive.
Framing the Legislation
In our experience, all elected officials want to help families and individuals in poverty. They desire all our citizens to be economically stable and prosperous, but they often have different ideas about how to make that happen. Our goal was to frame our bill in a way that showed a commitment to helping children live in stable, secure homes that lawmakers from both parties could champion.
To that end, we drafted a bill to create an 18-month window after marriage in which a new spouse’s income would not count when determining eligibility—a “honeymoon” period. This income disregard was modeled on an existing statute that addressed child support for children on MFIP. Due to constitutional concerns related to marriage incentive programs, we consciously chose to structure the bill in a way that would allow couples to choose to marry rather than reward those who married.
Making the Pitch
In seeking bill sponsors (and later other supporters), we spoke about the benefits of marriage to children and the challenges to couples that wanted to marry but knew the very real financial impact this would have on their families. We shared that the federal TANF Program, which is used to fund MFIP, specifically lists two marriage-related goals: to promote marriage and to reduce the number of children born out of wedlock.
We provided data from a joint American Enterprise Institute/Los Angeles Times study3 in which people in poverty were asked: “How often do you think unmarried adults chose not to get married to avoid losing welfare benefits?” Twenty-four percent of participants answered, “almost always,” and an additional 23% answered, “often.”
We also gave legislators highlighted copies of a 2009 study of the federal TANF program that showed participation in the TANF program had a negative effect on the probability of marriage, an effect that disappeared once participants moved off the program.4
In building strong bipartisan support for the legislation, we addressed some concerns along the way. For example, we made it clear that we were not judging single parents but instead creating a viable option for couples who wanted to be married. We also clarified that nothing in the bill would trap a parent in a relationship that was dangerous for the parent or children.
Our House author identified a concern we hadn’t anticipated—should the state allow continued participation in the MFIP program if a participant marries a middle or upper-class individual? We addressed this by amending the bill to include a cap on the income disregard, set at 275% of the Federal Poverty Guidelines, the standard used to determine whether pregnant women and children are eligible for Medicaid.
In both chambers, the bill passed unanimously and was included in an omnibus bill signed by our Governor. Ultimately, the bill had to be amended to provide an income disregard for 12 months instead of the original 18. This change was unfortunate given that, ideally, this honeymoon period would last two or three years. Despite this amendment, the new law will likely make a significant impact by removing an obstacle to marriage for low-income households in our state.Stuart Weitzman Fossil Over The Knee Rockerchic Suede Boots/Booties Size US 8,Valentino Yellow Rockstud Ballerina Flats Size US 6 Regular (M, B),Christian Louboutin Black/Silver Pigalle Spikes Nappa Black/Silver 37.5 / Flats Size US 7 Regular (M, B),Christian Louboutin Candy Apple Red Bianca 140 Metal Patent Calf Platforms Size US 9,Christian Louboutin White Pumps Size US 8.5 Regular (M, B)Balenciaga White Race Runner Sneakers Size US 12 Regular (M, B),Valentino Beige Patent Leather Flats Size EU 40 (Approx. US 10) Regular (M, B),Prada Gray Leather Block Heel Square Toe Ankle Boots/Booties Size EU 39 (Approx. US 9) Regular (M, B),ALAÏA Black Sandals Size US 8 Regular (M, B),Christian Louboutin Brown/Grey Classic Cataclou 120mm Studded Suede Leather Testa Di Moro Sandals Size EU 39 (Approx. US 9) Regular (M, B),Old Gringo Cream/Red Jude Cowboy Leather with Barn Underlay Boots/Booties Size US 10 Regular (M, B),Jerome C. Rousseau Black Sirkis Boots/Booties Size US 5.5 Regular (M, B),Prada Black Floral Applique Platforms Size US 11 Regular (M, B),Brian Atwood Purple Platforms Size US 7 Regular (M, B),Christian Louboutin Nude So Kates Pumps Size US 8.5 Regular (M, B),Christian Louboutin Black Marylineska Anguilla Eel and Nappa Formal Shoes Size US 7.5 Regular (M, B)Saint Laurent Black Patent Heels Pumps Size US 8.5 Regular (M, B),Giuseppe Zanotti Pink New Boots/Booties Size EU 37.5 (Approx. US 7.5) Regular (M, B)Valentino Nude Rockstud Patent Leather Pointed Flats Size US 8,Christian Louboutin Brown Iriza 100 Tan Nude Noisette Leather Heel Pumps Size EU 36 (Approx. US 6) Regular (M, B),Christian Louboutin Black So Kate Pumps Size US 10.5Saint Laurent Brown Leather Platform Tribute 105 Sandals Size US 8Christian Louboutin Black Lady Peep 150 Mm Platforms Size US 6.5 Regular (M, B)Saint Laurent Black Tribute Ysl Patten Leather Sandals Size US 8 Regular (M, B)Christian Louboutin Pink Pigalle Patent Leather High Heel Lady Fashion Red So Kate Toe Follies Pumps Size US 9 Regular (M, B),Christian Louboutin Nude Iriza Pumps Size US 7 Regular (M, B),YEEZY Onyx Tame Nylon Thick Suede Season3 Boots/Booties Size EU 38 (Approx. US 8) Regular (M, B)Nude Pumps Size US 10,Stuart Weitzman Black Lowland Over The Knee Boots/Booties Size US 7.5 Regular (M, B),Christian Louboutin Pink Women's Sequin Peep-toe (10710) Pumps Size US 8.5
Sign up for our mailing list to receive ongoing updates from IFS.
Interested in learning more about the work of the Institute for Family Studies? Please feel free to contact us by using your preferred method detailed below.
P.O. Box 1502
Charlottesville, VA 22902
We encourage members of the media interested in learning more about the people and projects behind the work of the Institute for Family Studies to get started by perusing our "Media Kit" materials.
Thanks for your interest in supporting the work of The Institute for Family Studies. Please mail support checks to the address below:
The Institute for Family Studies
P.O. Box 1502
Charlottesville, VA 22902
If you would like to donate online, please click the button below to be taken to our donation form:
You can also support us on Patreon via the button below:
The Institute for Family Studies is a 501(c)3 organization. Your donation will be tax-deductible.