New with box: A brand-new, unused, and unworn item (including handmade items) in the original packaging (such as ... Read moreabout the condition
|Dimensions:||L 12 x W 11.7 x H 4.2 inches||Brand:||Gentle Souls|
|Label:||Kenneth Cole Productions, Inc||MPN:||GS01884LE-001|
|ISBN:||Not Applicable||ClothingSize:||6 B(M) US|
|Style:||Not Applicable||Color:||Black Leather|
|US Shoe Size (Women's):||6 B(M) US||Department:||womens|
Many discussions about safety-net programs tend to focus on financial cliffs—how the impact of getting a raise or working additional hours may make participants ineligible for the very benefits they need to move into economic stability. Marriage is rarely part of this discussion, even though numerous studies show marriage is an important tool for moving families out of poverty.1 That marriage is often absent from these discussions is especially ironic, since the promotion of family stability—by encouraging marriage and discouraging nonmarital births—was among the chief policy rationales for welfare reform in 1996.
After reviewing research stressing the importance of eliminating marriage penalties, we developed and successfully advocated for legislation that would create a “honeymoon” period for newly-married couples receiving assistance through Minnesota’s version of Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF). The legislation (HF 1453/SF 1165) received strong bipartisan support and was enacted by a Republican Legislature and Democratic Governor Mark Dayton in 2017. In our view, it represents the bi-partisan possibilities of enacting legislation based on the consensus that marriage is a vital tool for reducing poverty and fostering child well-being.
Crafting a Policy
Minnesota’s version of TANF is the Minnesota Family Investment Program (MFIP), which provides work support and cash assistance for children and their parents, who are often low wage workers between jobs. There has been no increase in the amount of the cash benefit to participants in over 30 years. Both of our organizations were involved in advocating for an increase.
As we talked with people of faith across our state, especially religious leaders, we kept hearing about couples who wanted to be married but couldn’t afford to make this decision because adding another adult to the family’s income would put them over the poverty threshold used to determine eligibility.2 The concerns were often strongest for couples expecting a baby who wished to be married before birth of their child. Unfortunately, marriage would result in a loss of benefits at the exact time the new mother would be unable to work. We sought to address this marriage disincentive.
Framing the Legislation
In our experience, all elected officials want to help families and individuals in poverty. They desire all our citizens to be economically stable and prosperous, but they often have different ideas about how to make that happen. Our goal was to frame our bill in a way that showed a commitment to helping children live in stable, secure homes that lawmakers from both parties could champion.
To that end, we drafted a bill to create an 18-month window after marriage in which a new spouse’s income would not count when determining eligibility—a “honeymoon” period. This income disregard was modeled on an existing statute that addressed child support for children on MFIP. Due to constitutional concerns related to marriage incentive programs, we consciously chose to structure the bill in a way that would allow couples to choose to marry rather than reward those who married.
Making the Pitch
In seeking bill sponsors (and later other supporters), we spoke about the benefits of marriage to children and the challenges to couples that wanted to marry but knew the very real financial impact this would have on their families. We shared that the federal TANF Program, which is used to fund MFIP, specifically lists two marriage-related goals: to promote marriage and to reduce the number of children born out of wedlock.
We provided data from a joint American Enterprise Institute/Los Angeles Times study3 in which people in poverty were asked: “How often do you think unmarried adults chose not to get married to avoid losing welfare benefits?” Twenty-four percent of participants answered, “almost always,” and an additional 23% answered, “often.”
We also gave legislators highlighted copies of a 2009 study of the federal TANF program that showed participation in the TANF program had a negative effect on the probability of marriage, an effect that disappeared once participants moved off the program.4
In building strong bipartisan support for the legislation, we addressed some concerns along the way. For example, we made it clear that we were not judging single parents but instead creating a viable option for couples who wanted to be married. We also clarified that nothing in the bill would trap a parent in a relationship that was dangerous for the parent or children.
Our House author identified a concern we hadn’t anticipated—should the state allow continued participation in the MFIP program if a participant marries a middle or upper-class individual? We addressed this by amending the bill to include a cap on the income disregard, set at 275% of the Federal Poverty Guidelines, the standard used to determine whether pregnant women and children are eligible for Medicaid.
In both chambers, the bill passed unanimously and was included in an omnibus bill signed by our Governor. Ultimately, the bill had to be amended to provide an income disregard for 12 months instead of the original 18. This change was unfortunate given that, ideally, this honeymoon period would last two or three years. Despite this amendment, the new law will likely make a significant impact by removing an obstacle to marriage for low-income households in our state.Columbia Womens 9 US Bangor Slip Omni Heat Boot Winter Snow Suede Leather Oxford,Women's New Leather Western Cowgirl Rodeo Biker Boots Square Toe Tan Pink,Demonia Women's Emily-375 Over The Knee Boot, Black Str Vegan Leather, 9 M US,NEW BOGS WATERPROOF BLACK BOOTS WOMENS 8 DAKOTA SHORT 522371 BLACK WATERPROOFAigle Miss Juliette Rain Boots Marine Rouge France Sz 36 Maitre CaoutchoutierNew Arrivals Martin Boots Suede Short Women Shoes Winter Boots Leather Shoes Hot,BZ467 REVE D'UN JOUR shoes black leather women ankle boots,Punk Womens Jean Block Heels Colors Stone Over the Knee Boots Denim Shoes Vogue,Frye Shirley Shield Short Boot Charcoal Smooth Vintage Leather Size 5.5 B,Souli & Souli X Urban Kilim boot black/red multi color size 37Report Women's Amanda Ankle Boot, Black Multi, 7 Medium USDonald J Pliner Donald Pliner Women's Patsy Fashion Boot Black Size 9 BM,Nine West Women's Fallon - Choose SZ/color,Free People Carrera Women's Brown Leather Strappy Ankle Booties Sz NEW!,Womens Stretchy Zip Low Block Heels Pleated Over Knee Thigh Boot Shoe Pointy Toe,New! Jeffrey Campbell Delfonic Sz 7 Knee High Lug Platform Boot Black Leather,LAREDO SOFIA 11" TURQUOISE WOMEN'S LEATHER WESTERN BOOTS 51116 * ALL SIZES - NEW,ECCO Womens 26305301001 Closed Toe Mid-Calf Fashion Boots, Black, Size 10.0 vByH,JESSICA SIMPSON WOMENS BLACK CASSLEY II 2 CHUNCKY HEEL BOOTIES,Mint Cherry Red Dr Doc Martens 2976 Chelsea Grizzly Worn Once Women's 8,PUMA Women's Ignite Evoknit Lo Wn Sneaker - Choose SZ/colorNine West Women's Florent Pump - Choose SZ/colorPUMA Women's Fierce Varsity Wn Sneaker - Choose SZ/colorZARA NEW WOMAN LEATHER STILETTO HIGH HEEL ANKLE BOOTS WHITE 35-42 REF.6126/301,Man's/Woman's Skechers Women's Hampshire-Short Winter Boot superior high quality uniqueThe Original Car Shoe Brown Leather Knee High Boots size 10.5 retail $695 NIB,The Little Mermaid Ursula Ariel WOMEN'S Martin Boots Disney Villains,New Women's Matisse Distressed Leather Boots 10ECCO Hobart Buckle Black Leather Tall Boots Woman's Size 35 NEWVINTAGE FRYE Boots Womens 7 Tall Knee High Leather USA Handcrafted Black Label,
Sign up for our mailing list to receive ongoing updates from IFS.
Interested in learning more about the work of the Institute for Family Studies? Please feel free to contact us by using your preferred method detailed below.
P.O. Box 1502
Charlottesville, VA 22902
We encourage members of the media interested in learning more about the people and projects behind the work of the Institute for Family Studies to get started by perusing our "Media Kit" materials.
Thanks for your interest in supporting the work of The Institute for Family Studies. Please mail support checks to the address below:
The Institute for Family Studies
P.O. Box 1502
Charlottesville, VA 22902
If you would like to donate online, please click the button below to be taken to our donation form:
You can also support us on Patreon via the button below:
The Institute for Family Studies is a 501(c)3 organization. Your donation will be tax-deductible.